Products & Variants

A product is an element that describes what’s for sale. A variant is the purchasable the customer ultimately orders.

# Products

Products are the items available in your store.

A product itself is never sold; what goes into a cart for purchase is actually one of the product’s variants. In the Craft control panel, you’ll see Products listed by Product Type.

# Product Types

Product Types are a way to distinguish products in your system. Similar to Craft’s Entry Types, they can determine the URL format of a product and include any number of custom fields. Each product type will also have one or more variants.

You can manage Product Types in the control panel from CommerceSystem SettingsProduct Types.

Edit Product Type page

# Product Type Options

# Name

The name of the product type as displayed in the control panel.

# Handle

The handle is what you’ll use to reference the product type in code. In Twig, for example, to get your product types with a handle of clothes you would use:

{% set clothes = craft.products()
  .type('clothes')
  .all() %}

# Title Field Label

Allows you to change what the “Title” field label should be.

# Automatic SKU Format

Defines what auto-generated SKUs should look like when a SKU field is submitted empty. You can include Twig tags that output properties, such as {product.slug} or {myCustomField}.

How you access properties in the SKU format depends on whether the product type has variants. If the product type does not have multiple variants, use {product}. Otherwise, {object} will refer to the variant when the product type has multiple variants.

Be sure to choose this carefully and avoid using the id property to ensure a unique SKU.

Since id refers to the element’s ID and Craft may have many other elements, this won’t be sequential. If you’d rather generate a unique sequential number, consider using Craft’s seq() (opens new window) Twig function, which generates a next unique number based on the name parameter passed to it.

The following example generates a sequential number, per variant, with the given product slug:

{{ object.product.slug }}-{{ seq(object.product.slug) }}

The resulting variant SKU might be something like a-new-toga-001, where a-new-toga is the product’s slug and 001 is the first sequential number based on that slug.

If a product type has an automatic SKU format, the SKU field is not shown for new variants. Once saved, the field will be displayed for editing.

# Order Description Format

Describes the product on a line item in an order. It can include tags that output properties, such as {product.title} or {myVariantCustomField}.

# Show the Dimensions and Weight fields

Allows you to hide the weight and dimensions fields if they are not necessary for products of this type.

# Products of this type have multiple variants

If enabled and multiple variants are allowed, a new tab will appear at the top of the page for configuring the variant field layout.

A “Variant Title Format” will also appear for configuring auto-generated variant titles.

# Show the Title field for variants

Whether or not to show the “Variant Title” field when adding or editing variants. When true a “Variant Title Field Label” will appear, allowing you to change what the “Variant Title” field label should be.

# Products of this type have their own URLs

This works just like Craft’s entry (opens new window) URLs.

When a site visitor hits the URL of a product, the product variable is automatically available to your templates, just like the entry variable for Craft’s entries.

# Templating

# craft.commerce.productTypes.allProductTypes

Returns an array of all product types set up in the system.

{% for type in craft.commerce.productTypes.allProductTypes %}
  {{ type.handle }} - {{ type.name }}
{% endfor %}

# Querying Products

You can fetch products using product queries.

{# Create a new product query #}
{% set myProductQuery = craft.products() %}

Once you’ve created a product query, you can set parameters on it to narrow down the results, and then execute it (opens new window) by calling .all(). An array of Product (opens new window) objects will be returned.

You can also fetch only the number of items a query might return, which is better for performance when you don’t need the variant data.

{# Count all enabled products #}
{% set myProductCount = craft.products()
  .status('enabled')
  .count() %}

See Element Queries (opens new window) in the Craft docs to learn about how element queries work.

# Example

We can use Twig to display the ten most recent Clothing products:

  1. Create a product query with craft.products().
  2. Set the type and limit parameters on it.
  3. Fetch the products with .all().
  4. Loop through the products using a for (opens new window) tag to output their HTML.
{# Create a product query with the 'type' and 'limit' parameters #}
{% set myProductQuery = craft.products()
  .type('clothing')
  .limit(10) %}

{# Fetch the products #}
{% set products = myProductQuery.all() %}

{# Display the products #}
{% for product in products %}
  <h2><a href="{{ product.url }}">{{ product.title }}</a></h2>
  {{ product.summary }}
  <a href="{{ product.url }}">Learn more</a>
{% endfor %}

To fetch the same information with GraphQL, we could write a query like this:

{
  products(limit: 10, type: "clothing") {
    title
    uri
    ... on clothing_Product {
      summary
    }
  }
}

# Product Query Parameters

Product queries support the following parameters:

Param Description
after Narrows the query results to only products that were posted on or after a certain date.
anyStatus Removes element filters based on their statuses.
asArray Causes the query to return matching products as arrays of data, rather than Product (opens new window) objects.
availableForPurchase Narrows the query results to only products that are available for purchase.
before Narrows the query results to only products that were posted before a certain date.
clearCachedResult Clears the cached result.
dateCreated Narrows the query results based on the products’ creation dates.
dateUpdated Narrows the query results based on the products’ last-updated dates.
expiryDate Narrows the query results based on the products’ expiry dates.
fixedOrder Causes the query results to be returned in the order specified by id.
hasVariant Narrows the query results to only products that have certain variants.
id Narrows the query results based on the products’ IDs.
ignorePlaceholders Causes the query to return matching products as they are stored in the database, ignoring matching placeholder elements that were set by craft\services\Elements::setPlaceholderElement() (opens new window).
inReverse Causes the query results to be returned in reverse order.
limit Determines the number of products that should be returned.
offset Determines how many products should be skipped in the results.
orderBy Determines the order that the products should be returned in. (If empty, defaults to postDate DESC.)
postDate Narrows the query results based on the products’ post dates.
preferSites If unique is set, this determines which site should be selected when querying multi-site elements.
relatedTo Narrows the query results to only products that are related to certain other elements.
search Narrows the query results to only products that match a search query.
site Determines which site(s) the products should be queried in.
siteId Determines which site(s) the products should be queried in, per the site’s ID.
slug Narrows the query results based on the products’ slugs.
status Narrows the query results based on the products’ statuses.
title Narrows the query results based on the products’ titles.
trashed Narrows the query results to only products that have been soft-deleted.
type Narrows the query results based on the products’ types.
typeId Narrows the query results based on the products’ types, per the types’ IDs.
uid Narrows the query results based on the products’ UIDs.
unique Determines whether only elements with unique IDs should be returned by the query.
uri Narrows the query results based on the products’ URIs.
with Causes the query to return matching products eager-loaded with related elements.

# after

Narrows the query results to only products that were posted on or after a certain date.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
'2018-04-01' that were posted after 2018-04-01.
a DateTime (opens new window) object that were posted after the date represented by the object.
{# Fetch products posted this month #}
{% set firstDayOfMonth = date('first day of this month') %}

{% set products = craft.products()
    .after(firstDayOfMonth)
    .all() %}

# anyStatus

Removes element filters based on their statuses.

{# Fetch all products, regardless of status #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .anyStatus()
    .all() %}

# asArray

Causes the query to return matching products as arrays of data, rather than Product (opens new window) objects.

{# Fetch products as arrays #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .asArray()
    .all() %}

# availableForPurchase

Narrows the query results to only products that are available for purchase.

{# Fetch products that are available for purchase #}
{% set products = {twig-function}
    .availableForPurchase()
    .all() %}

# before

Narrows the query results to only products that were posted before a certain date.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
'2018-04-01' that were posted before 2018-04-01.
a DateTime (opens new window) object that were posted before the date represented by the object.
{# Fetch products posted before this month #}
{% set firstDayOfMonth = date('first day of this month') %}

{% set products = craft.products()
    .before(firstDayOfMonth)
    .all() %}

# clearCachedResult

Clears the cached result.

# dateCreated

Narrows the query results based on the products’ creation dates.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
'>= 2018-04-01' that were created on or after 2018-04-01.
'< 2018-05-01' that were created before 2018-05-01
['and', '>= 2018-04-04', '< 2018-05-01'] that were created between 2018-04-01 and 2018-05-01.
{# Fetch products created last month #}
{% set start = date('first day of last month')|atom %}
{% set end = date('first day of this month')|atom %}

{% set products = craft.products()
    .dateCreated(['and', ">= #{start}", "< #{end}"])
    .all() %}

# dateUpdated

Narrows the query results based on the products’ last-updated dates.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
'>= 2018-04-01' that were updated on or after 2018-04-01.
'< 2018-05-01' that were updated before 2018-05-01
['and', '>= 2018-04-04', '< 2018-05-01'] that were updated between 2018-04-01 and 2018-05-01.
{# Fetch products updated in the last week #}
{% set lastWeek = date('1 week ago')|atom %}

{% set products = craft.products()
    .dateUpdated(">= #{lastWeek}")
    .all() %}

# expiryDate

Narrows the query results based on the products’ expiry dates.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
'>= 2020-04-01' that will expire on or after 2020-04-01.
'< 2020-05-01' that will expire before 2020-05-01
['and', '>= 2020-04-04', '< 2020-05-01'] that will expire between 2020-04-01 and 2020-05-01.
{# Fetch products expiring this month #}
{% set nextMonth = date('first day of next month')|atom %}

{% set products = craft.products()
    .expiryDate("< #{nextMonth}")
    .all() %}

# fixedOrder

Causes the query results to be returned in the order specified by id.

{# Fetch products in a specific order #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .id([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])
    .fixedOrder()
    .all() %}

# hasVariant

Narrows the query results to only products that have certain variants.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
a VariantQuery (opens new window) object with variants that match the query.

# id

Narrows the query results based on the products’ IDs.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
1 with an ID of 1.
'not 1' not with an ID of 1.
[1, 2] with an ID of 1 or 2.
['not', 1, 2] not with an ID of 1 or 2.
{# Fetch the product by its ID #}
{% set product = craft.products()
    .id(1)
    .one() %}

This can be combined with fixedOrder if you want the results to be returned in a specific order.

# ignorePlaceholders

Causes the query to return matching products as they are stored in the database, ignoring matching placeholder elements that were set by craft\services\Elements::setPlaceholderElement() (opens new window).

# inReverse

Causes the query results to be returned in reverse order.

{# Fetch products in reverse #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .inReverse()
    .all() %}

# limit

Determines the number of products that should be returned.

{# Fetch up to 10 products  #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .limit(10)
    .all() %}

# offset

Determines how many products should be skipped in the results.

{# Fetch all products except for the first 3 #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .offset(3)
    .all() %}

# orderBy

Determines the order that the products should be returned in. (If empty, defaults to postDate DESC.)

{# Fetch all products in order of date created #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .orderBy('dateCreated ASC')
    .all() %}

# postDate

Narrows the query results based on the products’ post dates.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
'>= 2018-04-01' that were posted on or after 2018-04-01.
'< 2018-05-01' that were posted before 2018-05-01
['and', '>= 2018-04-04', '< 2018-05-01'] that were posted between 2018-04-01 and 2018-05-01.
{# Fetch products posted last month #}
{% set start = date('first day of last month')|atom %}
{% set end = date('first day of this month')|atom %}

{% set products = craft.products()
    .postDate(['and', ">= #{start}", "< #{end}"])
    .all() %}

# preferSites

If unique is set, this determines which site should be selected when querying multi-site elements.

For example, if element “Foo” exists in Site A and Site B, and element “Bar” exists in Site B and Site C, and this is set to ['c', 'b', 'a'], then Foo will be returned for Site C, and Bar will be returned for Site B.

If this isn’t set, then preference goes to the current site.

{# Fetch unique products from Site A, or Site B if they don’t exist in Site A #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .site('*')
    .unique()
    .preferSites(['a', 'b'])
    .all() %}

# relatedTo

Narrows the query results to only products that are related to certain other elements.

See Relations (opens new window) for a full explanation of how to work with this parameter.

{# Fetch all products that are related to myCategory #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .relatedTo(myCategory)
    .all() %}

Narrows the query results to only products that match a search query.

See Searching (opens new window) for a full explanation of how to work with this parameter.

{# Get the search query from the 'q' query string param #}
{% set searchQuery = craft.app.request.getQueryParam('q') %}

{# Fetch all products that match the search query #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .search(searchQuery)
    .all() %}

# site

Determines which site(s) the products should be queried in.

The current site will be used by default.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
'foo' from the site with a handle of foo.
['foo', 'bar'] from a site with a handle of foo or bar.
['not', 'foo', 'bar'] not in a site with a handle of foo or bar.
a craft\models\Site (opens new window) object from the site represented by the object.
'*' from any site.

If multiple sites are specified, elements that belong to multiple sites will be returned multiple times. If you only want unique elements to be returned, use unique in conjunction with this.

{# Fetch products from the Foo site #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .site('foo')
    .all() %}

# siteId

Determines which site(s) the products should be queried in, per the site’s ID.

The current site will be used by default.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
1 from the site with an ID of 1.
[1, 2] from a site with an ID of 1 or 2.
['not', 1, 2] not in a site with an ID of 1 or 2.
'*' from any site.
{# Fetch products from the site with an ID of 1 #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .siteId(1)
    .all() %}

# slug

Narrows the query results based on the products’ slugs.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
'foo' with a slug of foo.
'foo*' with a slug that begins with foo.
'*foo' with a slug that ends with foo.
'*foo*' with a slug that contains foo.
'not *foo*' with a slug that doesn’t contain foo.
['*foo*', '*bar*'] with a slug that contains foo or bar.
['not', '*foo*', '*bar*'] with a slug that doesn’t contain foo or bar.
{# Get the requested product slug from the URL #}
{% set requestedSlug = craft.app.request.getSegment(3) %}

{# Fetch the product with that slug #}
{% set product = craft.products()
    .slug(requestedSlug|literal)
    .one() %}

# status

Narrows the query results based on the products’ statuses.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
'live' (default) that are live.
'pending' that are pending (enabled with a Post Date in the future).
'expired' that are expired (enabled with an Expiry Date in the past).
'disabled' that are disabled.
['live', 'pending'] that are live or pending.
{# Fetch disabled products #}
{% set products = {twig-function}
    .status('disabled')
    .all() %}

# title

Narrows the query results based on the products’ titles.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
'Foo' with a title of Foo.
'Foo*' with a title that begins with Foo.
'*Foo' with a title that ends with Foo.
'*Foo*' with a title that contains Foo.
'not *Foo*' with a title that doesn’t contain Foo.
['*Foo*', '*Bar*'] with a title that contains Foo or Bar.
['not', '*Foo*', '*Bar*'] with a title that doesn’t contain Foo or Bar.
{# Fetch products with a title that contains "Foo" #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .title('*Foo*')
    .all() %}

# trashed

Narrows the query results to only products that have been soft-deleted.

{# Fetch trashed products #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .trashed()
    .all() %}

# type

Narrows the query results based on the products’ types.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
'foo' of a type with a handle of foo.
'not foo' not of a type with a handle of foo.
['foo', 'bar'] of a type with a handle of foo or bar.
['not', 'foo', 'bar'] not of a type with a handle of foo or bar.
an ProductType (opens new window) object of a type represented by the object.
{# Fetch products with a Foo product type #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .type('foo')
    .all() %}

# typeId

Narrows the query results based on the products’ types, per the types’ IDs.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
1 of a type with an ID of 1.
'not 1' not of a type with an ID of 1.
[1, 2] of a type with an ID of 1 or 2.
['not', 1, 2] not of a type with an ID of 1 or 2.
{# Fetch products of the product type with an ID of 1 #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .typeId(1)
    .all() %}

# uid

Narrows the query results based on the products’ UIDs.

{# Fetch the product by its UID #}
{% set product = craft.products()
    .uid('xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx')
    .one() %}

# unique

Determines whether only elements with unique IDs should be returned by the query.

This should be used when querying elements from multiple sites at the same time, if “duplicate” results is not desired.

{# Fetch unique products across all sites #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .site('*')
    .unique()
    .all() %}

# uri

Narrows the query results based on the products’ URIs.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches products…
'foo' with a URI of foo.
'foo*' with a URI that begins with foo.
'*foo' with a URI that ends with foo.
'*foo*' with a URI that contains foo.
'not *foo*' with a URI that doesn’t contain foo.
['*foo*', '*bar*'] with a URI that contains foo or bar.
['not', '*foo*', '*bar*'] with a URI that doesn’t contain foo or bar.
{# Get the requested URI #}
{% set requestedUri = craft.app.request.getPathInfo() %}

{# Fetch the product with that URI #}
{% set product = craft.products()
    .uri(requestedUri|literal)
    .one() %}

# with

Causes the query to return matching products eager-loaded with related elements.

See Eager-Loading Elements (opens new window) for a full explanation of how to work with this parameter.

{# Fetch products eager-loaded with the "Related" field’s relations #}
{% set products = craft.products()
    .with(['related'])
    .all() %}

# Variants

A variant describes the individual properties of a product as an item that may be purchased.

Those properties inclue a SKU, price, and dimensions. Even if a product doesn’t appear to have any variants in the control panel, it still uses one default variant behind the scenes.

Let’s compare examples of a single-variant an multi-variant product: a paperback book and a t-shirt.

A book sold in only one format does not have meaningful variations for the customer to choose, but it would still have a specific SKU, price, weight, and dimensions. A single, implicit default variant needs to exist and that’s what would be added to the cart.

A t-shirt, on the other hand, would have at least one variant for each available color and size combination. You wouldn’t sell the t-shirt without a specific color and size, so multiple variants would be necessary. If the shirt came in “small” and “large” sizes and “red” or “blue” colors, four unique variants could exist:

  • small, red
  • small, blue
  • large, red
  • large, blue

# Variant Properties

Each variant includes the following unique properties:

Property Type Required?
SKU string
Price number
Stock number or unlimited
Allowed Qty range
Dimensions number (l × w × h)
Weight number
Related Sales relationship (Sale)

Each variant may also have any number of custom fields to allow other distinguishing traits.

Commerce does not automatically create every possible unique variant for you—that’s up to the store manager.

# Default Variant

Every product has a default variant. Whenever a product is created, a default variant will be created as well.

If a product type has multiple variants enabled, the author can choose which one should be used by default. Products that do not have multiple variants still have a default variant, but the author can’t add additional variants.

For a single-variant product, variant details are shown in a unified view with custom product fields:

Single-Variant Product

When a product supports multiple variants, the default variant will be identified in a Variants field where more variants can be added:

Multi-Variant Product

# Variant Stock

Variants can have unlimited stock or a specific quantity.

A finite stock amount will automatically be reduced whenever someone completes an order, until the stock amount reaches zero. At that point the variant’s “Available for purchase” setting won’t be changed, but zero-stock variants cannot be added to a cart.

For returns or refunds that aren’t ultimately delivered to the customer, you’ll need to either manually update product stock or use the orderStatusChange event to automate further stock adjustments.

# Querying Variants

You can fetch variants using variant queries.

{# Create a new variant query #}
{% set myVariantQuery = craft.variants() %}

Once you’ve created a variant query, you can set parameters on it to narrow down the results, and then execute it (opens new window) by calling .all(). An array of Variant (opens new window) objects will be returned.

You can also fetch only the number of items a query might return, which is better for performance when you don’t need the variant data.

{# Count all enabled variants #}
{% set myVariantCount = craft.variants()
    .status('enabled')
    .count() %}

See Element Queries (opens new window) in the Craft docs to learn about how element queries work.

# Example

We can display a specific variant by its ID in Twig by doing the following:

  1. Create a variant query with craft.variants().
  2. Set the id parameter on it.
  3. Fetch the variant with .one().
  4. Output information about the variant as HTML.
{# Get the requested variant ID from the query string #}
{% set variantId = craft.app.request.getQueryParam('id') %}

{# Create a variant query with the 'id' parameter #}
{% set myVariantQuery = craft.variants()
    .id(variantId) %}

{# Fetch the variant #}
{% set variant = myVariantQuery.one() %}

{# Make sure it exists #}
{% if not variant %}
    {% exit 404 %}
{% endif %}

{# Display the variant #}
<h1>{{ variant.title }}</h1>
<!-- ... -->

Fetching the equivalent with GraphQL could look like this:

# Fetch variant having ID = 46
{
  variants(id: 46) {
    title
  }
}

# Variant Query Parameters

Variant queries support the following parameters:

Param Description
anyStatus Removes element filters based on their statuses.
asArray Causes the query to return matching variants as arrays of data, rather than Variant (opens new window) objects.
clearCachedResult Clears the cached result.
dateCreated Narrows the query results based on the variants’ creation dates.
dateUpdated Narrows the query results based on the variants’ last-updated dates.
fixedOrder Causes the query results to be returned in the order specified by id.
hasProduct Narrows the query results to only variants for certain products.
hasSales Narrows the query results to only variants that are on sale.
hasStock Narrows the query results to only variants that have stock.
height Narrows the query results based on the variants’ height dimension.
id Narrows the query results based on the variants’ IDs.
ignorePlaceholders Causes the query to return matching variants as they are stored in the database, ignoring matching placeholder elements that were set by craft\services\Elements::setPlaceholderElement() (opens new window).
inReverse Causes the query results to be returned in reverse order.
isDefault Narrows the query results to only default variants.
length Narrows the query results based on the variants’ length dimension.
limit Determines the number of variants that should be returned.
maxQty Narrows the query results based on the variants’ max quantity.
minQty Narrows the query results based on the variants’ min quantity.
offset Determines how many variants should be skipped in the results.
orderBy Determines the order that the variants should be returned in. (If empty, defaults to sortOrder ASC.)
preferSites If unique is set, this determines which site should be selected when querying multi-site elements.
price Narrows the query results based on the variants’ price.
product Narrows the query results based on the variants’ product.
productId Narrows the query results based on the variants’ products’ IDs.
relatedTo Narrows the query results to only variants that are related to certain other elements.
search Narrows the query results to only variants that match a search query.
site Determines which site(s) the variants should be queried in.
siteId Determines which site(s) the variants should be queried in, per the site’s ID.
sku Narrows the query results based on the variants’ SKUs.
status Narrows the query results based on the variants’ statuses.
stock Narrows the query results based on the variants’ stock.
title Narrows the query results based on the variants’ titles.
trashed Narrows the query results to only variants that have been soft-deleted.
typeId Narrows the query results based on the variants’ product types, per their IDs.
uid Narrows the query results based on the variants’ UIDs.
unique Determines whether only elements with unique IDs should be returned by the query.
weight Narrows the query results based on the variants’ weight dimension.
width Narrows the query results based on the variants’ width dimension.
with Causes the query to return matching variants eager-loaded with related elements.

# anyStatus

Removes element filters based on their statuses.

{# Fetch all variants, regardless of status #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .anyStatus()
    .all() %}

# asArray

Causes the query to return matching variants as arrays of data, rather than Variant (opens new window) objects.

{# Fetch variants as arrays #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .asArray()
    .all() %}

# clearCachedResult

Clears the cached result.

# dateCreated

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ creation dates.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
'>= 2018-04-01' that were created on or after 2018-04-01.
'< 2018-05-01' that were created before 2018-05-01
['and', '>= 2018-04-04', '< 2018-05-01'] that were created between 2018-04-01 and 2018-05-01.
{# Fetch variants created last month #}
{% set start = date('first day of last month')|atom %}
{% set end = date('first day of this month')|atom %}

{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .dateCreated(['and', ">= #{start}", "< #{end}"])
    .all() %}

# dateUpdated

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ last-updated dates.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
'>= 2018-04-01' that were updated on or after 2018-04-01.
'< 2018-05-01' that were updated before 2018-05-01
['and', '>= 2018-04-04', '< 2018-05-01'] that were updated between 2018-04-01 and 2018-05-01.
{# Fetch variants updated in the last week #}
{% set lastWeek = date('1 week ago')|atom %}

{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .dateUpdated(">= #{lastWeek}")
    .all() %}

# fixedOrder

Causes the query results to be returned in the order specified by id.

{# Fetch variants in a specific order #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .id([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])
    .fixedOrder()
    .all() %}

# hasProduct

Narrows the query results to only variants for certain products.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
a ProductQuery (opens new window) object for products that match the query.

# hasSales

Narrows the query results to only variants that are on sale.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
true on sale
false not on sale

# hasStock

Narrows the query results to only variants that have stock.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
true with stock.
false with no stock.

# height

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ height dimension.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
100 with a height of 100.
'>= 100' with a height of at least 100.
'< 100' with a height of less than 100.

# id

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ IDs.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
1 with an ID of 1.
'not 1' not with an ID of 1.
[1, 2] with an ID of 1 or 2.
['not', 1, 2] not with an ID of 1 or 2.
{# Fetch the variant by its ID #}
{% set variant = craft.variants()
    .id(1)
    .one() %}

This can be combined with fixedOrder if you want the results to be returned in a specific order.

# ignorePlaceholders

Causes the query to return matching variants as they are stored in the database, ignoring matching placeholder elements that were set by craft\services\Elements::setPlaceholderElement() (opens new window).

# inReverse

Causes the query results to be returned in reverse order.

{# Fetch variants in reverse #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .inReverse()
    .all() %}

# isDefault

Narrows the query results to only default variants.

{# Fetch default variants #}
{% set variants = {twig-function}
    .isDefault()
    .all() %}

# length

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ length dimension.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
100 with a length of 100.
'>= 100' with a length of at least 100.
'< 100' with a length of less than 100.

# limit

Determines the number of variants that should be returned.

{# Fetch up to 10 variants  #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .limit(10)
    .all() %}

# maxQty

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ max quantity.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
100 with a maxQty of 100.
'>= 100' with a maxQty of at least 100.
'< 100' with a maxQty of less than 100.

# minQty

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ min quantity.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
100 with a minQty of 100.
'>= 100' with a minQty of at least 100.
'< 100' with a minQty of less than 100.

# offset

Determines how many variants should be skipped in the results.

{# Fetch all variants except for the first 3 #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .offset(3)
    .all() %}

# orderBy

Determines the order that the variants should be returned in. (If empty, defaults to sortOrder ASC.)

{# Fetch all variants in order of date created #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .orderBy('dateCreated ASC')
    .all() %}

# preferSites

If unique is set, this determines which site should be selected when querying multi-site elements.

For example, if element “Foo” exists in Site A and Site B, and element “Bar” exists in Site B and Site C, and this is set to ['c', 'b', 'a'], then Foo will be returned for Site C, and Bar will be returned for Site B.

If this isn’t set, then preference goes to the current site.

{# Fetch unique variants from Site A, or Site B if they don’t exist in Site A #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .site('*')
    .unique()
    .preferSites(['a', 'b'])
    .all() %}

# price

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ price.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
100 with a price of 100.
'>= 100' with a price of at least 100.
'< 100' with a price of less than 100.

# product

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ product.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
a Product (opens new window) object for a product represented by the object.

# productId

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ products’ IDs.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
1 for a product with an ID of 1.
[1, 2] for product with an ID of 1 or 2.
['not', 1, 2] for product not with an ID of 1 or 2.

# relatedTo

Narrows the query results to only variants that are related to certain other elements.

See Relations (opens new window) for a full explanation of how to work with this parameter.

{# Fetch all variants that are related to myCategory #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .relatedTo(myCategory)
    .all() %}

Narrows the query results to only variants that match a search query.

See Searching (opens new window) for a full explanation of how to work with this parameter.

{# Get the search query from the 'q' query string param #}
{% set searchQuery = craft.app.request.getQueryParam('q') %}

{# Fetch all variants that match the search query #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .search(searchQuery)
    .all() %}

# site

Determines which site(s) the variants should be queried in.

The current site will be used by default.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
'foo' from the site with a handle of foo.
['foo', 'bar'] from a site with a handle of foo or bar.
['not', 'foo', 'bar'] not in a site with a handle of foo or bar.
a craft\models\Site (opens new window) object from the site represented by the object.
'*' from any site.

If multiple sites are specified, elements that belong to multiple sites will be returned multiple times. If you only want unique elements to be returned, use unique in conjunction with this.

{# Fetch variants from the Foo site #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .site('foo')
    .all() %}

# siteId

Determines which site(s) the variants should be queried in, per the site’s ID.

The current site will be used by default.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
1 from the site with an ID of 1.
[1, 2] from a site with an ID of 1 or 2.
['not', 1, 2] not in a site with an ID of 1 or 2.
'*' from any site.
{# Fetch variants from the site with an ID of 1 #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .siteId(1)
    .all() %}

# sku

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ SKUs.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
'foo' with a SKU of foo.
'foo*' with a SKU that begins with foo.
'*foo' with a SKU that ends with foo.
'*foo*' with a SKU that contains foo.
'not *foo*' with a SKU that doesn’t contain foo.
['*foo*', '*bar*' with a SKU that contains foo or bar.
['not', '*foo*', '*bar*'] with a SKU that doesn’t contain foo or bar.
{# Get the requested variant SKU from the URL #}
{% set requestedSlug = craft.app.request.getSegment(3) %}

{# Fetch the variant with that slug #}
{% set variant = craft.variants()
    .sku(requestedSlug|literal)
    .one() %}

# status

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ statuses.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
'enabled' (default) that are enabled.
'disabled' that are disabled.
{# Fetch disabled variants #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .status('disabled')
    .all() %}

# stock

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ stock.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
0 with no stock.
'>= 5' with a stock of at least 5.
'< 10' with a stock of less than 10.

# title

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ titles.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
'Foo' with a title of Foo.
'Foo*' with a title that begins with Foo.
'*Foo' with a title that ends with Foo.
'*Foo*' with a title that contains Foo.
'not *Foo*' with a title that doesn’t contain Foo.
['*Foo*', '*Bar*'] with a title that contains Foo or Bar.
['not', '*Foo*', '*Bar*'] with a title that doesn’t contain Foo or Bar.
{# Fetch variants with a title that contains "Foo" #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .title('*Foo*')
    .all() %}

# trashed

Narrows the query results to only variants that have been soft-deleted.

{# Fetch trashed variants #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .trashed()
    .all() %}

# typeId

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ product types, per their IDs.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
1 for a product of a type with an ID of 1.
[1, 2] for product of a type with an ID of 1 or 2.
['not', 1, 2] for product of a type not with an ID of 1 or 2.

# uid

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ UIDs.

{# Fetch the variant by its UID #}
{% set variant = craft.variants()
    .uid('xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx')
    .one() %}

# unique

Determines whether only elements with unique IDs should be returned by the query.

This should be used when querying elements from multiple sites at the same time, if “duplicate” results is not desired.

{# Fetch unique variants across all sites #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .site('*')
    .unique()
    .all() %}

# weight

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ weight dimension.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
100 with a weight of 100.
'>= 100' with a weight of at least 100.
'< 100' with a weight of less than 100.

# width

Narrows the query results based on the variants’ width dimension.

Possible values include:

Value Fetches variants…
100 with a width of 100.
'>= 100' with a width of at least 100.
'< 100' with a width of less than 100.

# with

Causes the query to return matching variants eager-loaded with related elements.

See Eager-Loading Elements (opens new window) for a full explanation of how to work with this parameter.

{# Fetch variants eager-loaded with the "Related" field’s relations #}
{% set variants = craft.variants()
    .with(['related'])
    .all() %}