Image Transforms

Instead of requiring content editors to upload images at a certain size, Craft lets you define “image transforms” for automatically manipulating images on demand. Transforms are non-destructive, meaning they have no effect on the original uploaded image.

Transforms can be defined both in the control panel and directly from templates or GraphQL queries.

# Defining Transforms from the Control Panel

You can define transforms from the control panel by navigating to Settings → Assets → Image Transforms and clicking the “New Transform” button.

Each transform has the following settings:

  • Name – the transform’s user-facing name
  • Handle – the transform’s template-facing handle
  • Mode – the transform mode
  • Width – the transform’s resulting width
  • Height – the transform’s resulting height
  • Quality - the transform’s resulting image quality (0 to 100)
  • Image Format – the transform’s resulting image format

Mode can be set to the following values:

  • Crop – Crops the image to the specified width and height, scaling the image up if necessary. (This is the default mode.)
  • Fit – Scales the image so that it is as big as possible with all dimensions fitting within the specified width and height.
  • Stretch – Stretches the image to the specified width and height.

If Mode is set to “Crop”, an additional “Default Focal Point” setting will appear, where you can define which area of the image Craft should center the crop on, for images without a focal point set. Its options include:

  • Top-Left
  • Top-Center
  • Top-Right
  • Center-Left
  • Center-Center
  • Center-Right
  • Bottom-Left
  • Bottom-Center
  • Bottom-Right

If you leave either Width or Height blank, that dimension will be set to whatever maintains the image’s aspect ratio. So for example, if you have an image that is 600 by 400 pixels, and you set a transform’s Width to 60, but leave Height blank, the resulting height will be 40.

If you leave Quality blank, Craft will use the quality set by your defaultImageQuality config setting.

Image Format can be set to the following values:

  • jpg
  • png
  • gif

If you leave Image Format blank, Craft will use the original image’s format if it’s web-safe (.jpg, .png, or .gif); otherwise it will try to figure out the best-suited image format for the job. If it can’t determine that (probably because ImageMagik isn’t installed), it will just go with .jpg.

# Applying CP-defined Transforms to Images

To output an image with a transform applied, simply pass your transform’s handle into your asset’s getUrl() (opens new window), getWidth() (opens new window), and getHeight() (opens new window) functions:

<img src="{{ asset.getUrl('thumb') }}"
     width="{{ asset.getWidth('thumb') }}"
     height="{{ asset.getHeight('thumb') }}"
>

# Defining Transforms in your Templates

You can also define transforms directly in your templates.

First, you must create a hash that defines the transform’s parameters:

{% set thumb = {
    mode: 'crop',
    width: 100,
    height: 100,
    quality: 75,
    position: 'top-center'
} %}

Then you can pass that hash into your asset’s getUrl(), getWidth(), and getHeight() functions:

<img src="{{ asset.getUrl(thumb) }}"
     width="{{ asset.getWidth(thumb) }}"
     height="{{ asset.getHeight(thumb) }}"
>

Note how in that example there are no quotes around “thumb”, like there were in the first one. That’s because in the first one, we were passing a string set to a CP-defined transform’s handle, whereas in this example we’re passing a variable referencing the thumb hash we created within the template.

# Possible Values

All of the same settings available to CP-defined transforms are also available to template-defined transforms.

  • The mode property can be set to either 'crop', 'fit', or 'stretch'.
  • If mode is set to 'crop', you can pass a position property, set to either 'top-left', 'top-center', 'top-right', 'center-left', 'center-center', 'center-right', 'bottom-left', 'bottom-center', or 'bottom-right'.
  • width and height can be set to integers or omitted.
  • quality can be set to a number between 0 and 100, or omitted.
  • format can be set to 'jpg', 'gif', 'png', or omitted.

# Overriding Named Transforms

As of Craft 3.5 it’s possible to use named transforms in templates with getUrl()’s transform property and override other properties as needed.

In this example, we’re using the rules defined in myNamedTransform but explicitly outputting a webp image:

<source type="image/webp" srcset="{{ asset.getUrl({
    transform: 'myNamedTransform',
    format: 'webp',
}) }}">

# Generating srcset Sizes

It’s common to need not just one sized image, but a range of them for use with srcset (opens new window).

One way you could achieve this is by combining the tag template function with Craft 3.5’s new getSrcSet() (opens new window) method to output an image tag with a range of srcset sizes relative to the initial dimensions:

{% do asset.setTransform({ width: 300, height: 300 }) %}
{{ tag('img', {
    src: asset.url,
    width: asset.width,
    height: asset.height,
    srcset: asset.getSrcset(['1.5x', '2x', '3x']),
    alt: asset.title,
}) }}

You can also pass a sizes argument to the getImg() (opens new window) method to accomplish the same thing:

{{ asset.getImg({ width: 300, height: 300 }, ['1.5x', '2x', '3x']) }}

You can also provide relative image sizes when eager-loading asset transforms. See AssetQuery::withTransforms() (opens new window) in the class reference for an example.