Filesystem Types

In Craft 4, asset storage has been split into two concepts:

  • Filesystems establish relationships between Craft and storage media, like the local disk or a storage bucket.
  • Volumes organize assets into sources that make sense for a site’s content model, define fields available to assets, and bind those sources to filesystems.

What would have been a volume type in Craft 3 is now a filesystem type.

# Filesystem Class

Use the [generator] to create a filesystem class and register it with Craft:

php craft make filesystem-type --plugin=my-plugin

If you are inclined to implement the filesystem type from scratch, extend craft\base\Fs (opens new window). There are a number of first-party examples to look at, as well:

Many more filesystem types are available in the Plugin Store (opens new window).

# Registering your Filesystem Type

Once you have created your filesystem class, you must register it with the Fs service so Craft will know about it when populating the list of available filesystem types:

namespace mynamespace;

use craft\events\RegisterComponentTypesEvent;
use craft\services\Fs;
use mynamespace\fs\MyFs;
use yii\base\Event;

class Plugin extends \craft\base\Plugin
    public function init()
            function(RegisterComponentTypesEvent $event) {
                $event->types[] = MyFs::class;

        // ...

    // ...

The generator takes care of this for you!

# Implementation

Filesystems are complex components, and their implementation is almost entirely dependent on the storage medium they target. Consider reviewing craft\base\FsInterface (opens new window), as well as the built-in Local (opens new window) filesystem for some ideas about their responsibilities.

# Flysystem

If you are targeting a popular storage service, you may be able to extend craft\flysystem\base\FlysystemFs (opens new window), and connect an existing Flysystem (opens new window) adapter.

Should that support exist, you can focus on exposing the adapter’s parameters as settings in a Craft-native way.

# Settings

A filesystem class is responsible for declaring configurable attributes, validating and normalizing input, and mapping those settings to its underlying adapter (when using Flysystem), or using them in the class itself as part of authorizing or managing file operations.

Users will be presented with the output of your class’s getSettingsHtml() method when configuring a new or existing filesystem.

Use auto-suggest inputs to make entry of environment variables and aliases easier on your users.

Craft will take care of assigning settings fields into your filesystem class prior to validating or saving it, as long as your inputs’ names match up with filesystem class properties. The entire return value from getSettingsHtml() is namespaced to avoid collisions with other filesystem type properties, and settings common to all filesystems (like their name and handle) are merged automatically.

Filesystems are stored in project config. Craft takes care of packing your class’s public properties into a serializable configuration object by virtue of extending from craft\base\SavableComponent (opens new window) and craft\base\ConfigurableComponent (opens new window).